National Park and Sanctuaries
There is one national park and six wildlife sanctuaries, which together constitute over 30% of the total geographical area of the state.
1. Khangchendzonga National Park: North, South, West 1784 sq. km.
1. Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, North Sikkim, 43 sq. km.
2. Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary West Sikkim, 104 sq. km.
3. Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary East Sikkim, 31 sq. km.
4. Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary, East Sikkim, 51.76 sq. km.
5. Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary, South Sikkim, 35.34 sq. km.
6. Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary, East Sikkim, 124 sq. km.
The Temperate and Alpine ecoregions are protected in four wildlife sanctuaries at Shingba (North), Kyongnosla (East), Pangolakha (East) and Barsey (West) and one national park namely Khangchendzonga National Park (North andWest). They harbour a representative biodiversity of these ecoregions.
Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary (located between Lachung and Yumthang) is home to the endemic Rhododendron niveum which has been designated the State Tree of Sikkim.
The Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary (located near Tsangu Lake) has sheltered the Takin Budorcas taxicolor, which wandered over from Bhutan in 1999 through the newly declared Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary, which itself is contiguous with West Bengal’s Neora Valley National Park.
The 104 sq. km Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary (located near Hilley in West Sikkim) is contiguous with the Singalila National Park in West Bengal.
Fambong Lho Wildlife Sanctuary (located near Rumtek/Martam in East Sikkim) and Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary (located above Rabongla in South Sikkim) are the two protected areas in the Sub-Tropical eco-region.